English
Saturday 15th of August 2020
Kalam and Beliefs
ارسال پرسش جدید

The Status of Martyrdom in Islam

The Status of Martyrdom in Islam
    All the nations of the world view the word 'martyrdom' as sacred and holy. Martyrdom refers to lay down one's life while defending one's religion or nation or while protecting life or wealth. The people look up a martyr with great reverence. However, the importance given to a martyr and martyrdom by the holy Islamic Shariat cannot be found in any nation or religion. Especially the concept of martyrdom elucidated by the Infallible ...

Faith in Islam

Faith in Islam
    Having a Good Opinion About God149- In Al-Mahasin it is narrated that Imam Baqir (a.s) said: “We find in (Imam) Ali ibn Abitalib's (a.s) book that God's Prophet (a.s) used to say the following when he gave a sermon on the mosque pulpit: “I swear by God who has no partners that no good of this world or the Hereafter has been granted to any believer, except due to his good opinion about God, his good behavior, and his avoidance of ...

Prophetic Traditions to follow the Ahl al Bayt (A.S.)

Prophetic Traditions to follow the Ahl al Bayt (A.S.)
    1. The Prophetic tradition of the two weighty things The messenger of Allah (saw) said, O People, I leave amongst you two things which if you follow, you will never go astray. They are the Book of Allah and my Ahl al-Bayt [family].He also said: The messenger of my God is about to come to me and I shall answer. I am leaving with you the two weighty things: The first is the Book of Allah, in which you find guidance and enlightenment, ...

Shia's Belief in Fate and Destiny

Shia's Belief in Fate and Destiny
    As soon as I became acquainted with the Shi’ah ‘ulamà’,197 reading their books, I became aware of a new science called fate and destiny.Al-’Imàm ‘Ali (peace be upon him) has elucidated this, through the most express statement, when giving a reply to someone who asked him about fate and destiny (al-qadà’ wa al-qadar), saying:“Woe to you. You take it as a final and unavoidable destiny (according to which we are bound ...

Islam and the Position of Women

Islam and the Position of Women
    The West's vociferous partisans of Women's Lib. have no idea of the revolutionary leap forward in women's position which Islam brought about. In the days of Islam's first appearance the position of women was that of chattels of the men - little above the domesticated animals. Yet the West, for all their vaunted freedom, have added nothing to what Islam gave to women, except liberty for increased corruption and licentiousness. Islam ...

A Glimpse at the Political Philosophy of Islam

A Glimpse at the Political Philosophy of Islam
    If we want to make a balanced comparison between Islamic and other views in the field of polity and form of government we should make a review of the important issues in the philosophy of politics, and on every issue find out what is the view of Islam, comparing it with the other views. We must make a detailed investigation of the basic differences between them. Very briefly, we will now mention some issues and explain the views of ...

Method in Mufid's Kalam and in Christian Theology

Method in Mufid's Kalam and in Christian Theology
    I. Al-Mufid's Notion of Kala'mII. Al-Mufid's Kala'm in PracticeIII. Comparison with TheologyNotesI do not think I can tell you anything new about al-Shaykh. Most of you are scholars in his tradition and you study his works and know his sources to a degree and with a facility that I shall never attain. I have, though, and do, make an effort to understand his kala'm as best I can, and to understand what he was doing, and what he meant ...

Scholastic Theology (Kalam)

Scholastic Theology (Kalam)
The science of scholastic, or speculative, theology (kalaam) is an Islamic science. It is concerned with discussing Islamic beliefs, or what should be upheld of such beliefs from an Islamic perspective. Thus, kalaam seeks to explain the matters relating to these beliefs, advancing the evidence in support thereof and defending the same.Muslim scholars divide the body of Islamic teachings into three categories: 1. Beliefs: This category deals with ...

Islamic Theology (Elmul-Kalam)

Islamic Theology (Elmul-Kalam)
Theology literally is driven from the Greek term 'theos' -God- and 'logy' –science, study- . Theology, therefore, is a systematic study of the fundamental beliefs of a religion.; Thus, Jewish theology, Roman Catholic theology and Islamic theology, etc. Muslim scholars refer to Islamic theology as 'Elmul-Kalam' which literally means 'the science of rational discourse. (Elm=science, al-Kalam= word) There are two famous opinions as to why ...

The Subjects of the Principles

The Subjects of the Principles
So as to acquaint the respected reader with the issues of the Principles of Jurisprudence we will discuss the main outline, not in the order followed by the scholars of the Principles, but in an order which will better suit our purposes. Previously, we stated that the study of Principles is a study of instructions, meaning that it teaches us the way of correctly and validly deducing the commandments of religion from the original sources. ...

The Principles of Jurisprudence (Usul al-Fiqh)

The Principles of Jurisprudence (Usul al-Fiqh)
     Introduction The subject under consideration here is the 'ilm, or knowledge of the principles of jurisprudence, usul ul fiqh. The two studies of jurisprudence and its principles are interconnected. They are interconnected in the same way, as will become clear, as the two studies of logic and philosophy are interconnected. The study of the principles is tantamount to a preparation to the study of jurisprudence, and it is for this ...

THE SHI'ITE KALAM

THE SHI'ITE KALAM
Now it is time to take up Shi'ite kalam, if only briefly. Kalam, in the sense of logical and rational argument about the principal doctrines of Islam, has a special and distinguished place in the Shi'ah tradition. The Shi'ite kalam, on the one hand, emerges from the core of Shi'ite hadith, and, on the other, is mixed with Shi'ite philosophy. We have seen how, in the early centuries, kalam was considered to be inimical to the Sunnah and the ...

MU'TAZILITE NOTIONS AND BELIEFS

MU'TAZILITE NOTIONS AND BELIEFS
Whatever we said in the last two lectures was related to the basic doctrines of the Mu'tazilah. But as we mentioned before, the Mu'tazilah raised many an issue and defended their opinions about them. Some of them were related with theology some with physics, some with sociology, and some with the human situation. Of the theological issues, some are related to general metaphysics (umur 'ammah) and some with theology proper (ilahiyyat bi al-ma'na ...

The Doctrine of al-Tawhid

The Doctrine of al-Tawhid
Beginning with tawhid it has various kinds and levels: al-tawhid al-dhati (Unity of the Essence), al-tawhid al-sifati (Unity of the Attributes, i.e., with the Essence), al-tawhid al-'af'ali (Unity of the Acts), al-tawhid al-'ibadi (monotheism in worship).  Al-Tawhid al-dhati: It means that the Divine Essence is one and unique; it does not have a like or match. All other beings are God's creations and inferior to Him in station and in degree of ...

The Name "'Ilm al-Kalam"

The Name
  Another point is why this discipline has been called " 'ilm al-kalam", and when this name was given to it. Some have said that it was called "kalam" (lit. speech) because it gives an added power of speech and argument to one who is well-versed in it. Some say that the reason lies in the habit of the experts of this science who began their own statements in their books with the expression "al-kalamu fi kadha". Others explain that it was ...

An Introduction to 'Ilm al-Kalam

An Introduction to 'Ilm al-Kalam
This long article is a part of Martyr Murtada Mutahhari's book Ashna'i ba 'ulum-e Islami (An Introduction to the Islamic Sciences). The book consists of seven parts: (1) logic (2) philosophy (3) al-kalam (Muslim scholastic philosophy) (4) 'irfan (Islamic mysticism) (5) usul-e fiqh (the principles of jurisprudence) (6) fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence) (7) hikmat-e 'amali' (practical philosophy or practical morality). All the seven parts together ...

The Causes of Injustice

The Causes of Injustice
In the first chapter we have dealt with world-view, monotheism and polytheism. Now we deal with justice which is the second fundamental principle of belief. It is through the wisdom and intelligence with which we have been endowed by Allah that we differentiate between a good and a bad thing and we understand that oppression is a bad thing and justice is a good thing. It is our belief that Allah does not do any harm to us nor does He oppress ...